Climate Change and Natural Resource Management

Natural resources such as fresh water & minerals, and the biological resources of the land & water ecosystems provide the basis for human survival and development. But the increasing demands on these resources, and decrease in availability, emphasise the need for a coordinated approach to sustainable management. PANI is committed to the sustainable use and management of natural resources and thus, consciously, envisions a society that prospers in harmony with its surroundings.

The sustainable use and management of natural resources demands an interdisciplinary approach and sound knowledge on each specific resource, as well as on the ecological, economic, and social perspectives related to their use. We continuously seek to develop location specific, cost effective, eco-friendly conservation and management technologies for higher input use efficiency, agricultural productivity & profitability without deteriorating natural resource base.

Towards this end PANI is continuously mobilising the community by raising awareness and at the same time providing a package of alternative technologies and practices. Some of the technologies that drove significant changes are mentioned below –

  • Adoption of mulching, farming on ridge and furrow, inter and relay cropping, and also the machan model (multi-tier farming) of cultivation.
  • Preservation of plant biodiversity through cultivation of indigenous crops and varieties (eg. Jimikand, flex seed, morringa, Bamboo etc).
  • Adoption of systems of rice, wheat, and sugarcane intensification that require significantly less water as compared with other common practices. The farmers are more receptive to these practices, as they have to do less investment in water while the net returns are high.
  • In three districts the power gap has been bridged with solar energy as the source of power. This form of energy is eco-friendly as well as cost efficient for the rural masses.



  • The traditional soot emitting chulha has raised major concerns for not only women’s health but also climate change. PANI has encouraged use of a smokeless chulha (stove) which is a cheap as well as versatile alternative that suits the need of people across various sections.